Sweet chestnuts were first introduced into Britain by the Romans. The species is notable, amongst other things, for the criss-cross, ‘rope-like’ pattern which often develops on the bark.
With a girth of 6.20 metres, this tree is estimated to be between 200 and 350 years old. It is about 21.5m tall and has a distinctive root collar, which is far broader than the actual trunk. This suggests that at one time livestock grazed beneath the tree, compacting and therefore driving out air the soil, affecting the tree’s growth.
As a non-native, this tree was probably planted. It may have marked the corner of the wood or had some landscape significance in relation to Hampden House.
From Rignall Road follow the footpath as if to go to Hampden Bottom Wood. The tree is by the stile.